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SWEDES AND NORWEGIANS BROKE THE POWER OF THE ‘1 PERCENT’

By jazz_music following x   2019 Apr 22, 1:08am 359 views   19 comments   watch   nsfw   quote     share    


https://wagingnonviolence.org/2012/01/how-swedes-and-norwegians-broke-the-power-of-the-1-percent/

While many of us are working to ensure that the Occupy movement will have a lasting impact, it’s worthwhile to consider other countries where masses of people succeeded in nonviolently bringing about a high degree of democracy and economic justice. Sweden and Norway, for example, both experienced a major power shift in the 1930s after prolonged nonviolent struggle. They “fired” the top 1 percent of people who set the direction for society and created the basis for something different.

Both countries had a history of horrendous poverty. When the 1 percent was in charge, hundreds of thousands of people emigrated to avoid starvation. Under the leadership of the working class, however, both countries built robust and successful economies that nearly eliminated poverty, expanded free university education, abolished slums, provided excellent health care available to all as a matter of right and created a system of full employment. Unlike the Norwegians, the Swedes didn’t find oil, but that didn’t stop them from building what the latest CIA World Factbook calls “an enviable standard of living.”

Neither country is a utopia, as readers of the crime novels by Stieg Larsson, Henning Mankell and Jo Nesbø will know. Critical left-wing authors such as these try to push Sweden and Norway to continue on the path toward more fully just societies. However, as an American activist who first encountered Norway as a student in 1959 and learned some of its language and culture, the achievements I found amazed me. I remember, for example, bicycling for hours through a small industrial city, looking in vain for substandard housing. Sometimes resisting the evidence of my eyes, I made up stories that “accounted for” the differences I saw: “small country,” “homogeneous,” “a value consensus.” I finally gave up imposing my frameworks on these countries and learned the real reason: their own histories.

Then I began to learn that the Swedes and Norwegians paid a price for their standards of living through nonviolent struggle. There was a time when Scandinavian workers didn’t expect that the electoral arena could deliver the change they believed in. They realized that, with the 1 percent in charge, electoral “democracy” was stacked against them, so nonviolent direct action was needed to exert the power for change.

In both countries, the troops were called out to defend the 1 percent; people died. Award-winning Swedish filmmaker Bo Widerberg told the Swedish story vividly in Ådalen 31, which depicts the strikers killed in 1931 and the sparking of a nationwide general strike. (You can read more about this case in an entry by Max Rennebohm in the Global Nonviolent Action Database.)

The Norwegians had a harder time organizing a cohesive people’s movement because Norway’s small population—about three million—was spread out over a territory the size of Britain. People were divided by mountains and fjords, and they spoke regional dialects in isolated valleys. In the nineteenth century, Norway was ruled by Denmark and then by Sweden; in the context of Europe Norwegians were the “country rubes,” of little consequence. Not until 1905 did Norway finally become independent.

When workers formed unions in the early 1900s, they generally turned to Marxism, organizing for revolution as well as immediate gains. They were overjoyed by the overthrow of the czar in Russia, and the Norwegian Labor Party joined the Communist International organized by Lenin. Labor didn’t stay long, however. One way in which most Norwegians parted ways with Leninist strategy was on the role of violence: Norwegians wanted to win their revolution through collective nonviolent struggle, along with establishing co-ops and using the electoral arena.

In the 1920s strikes increased in intensity. The town of Hammerfest formed a commune in 1921, led by workers councils; the army intervened to crush it. The workers’ response verged toward a national general strike. The employers, backed by the state, beat back that strike, but workers erupted again in the ironworkers’ strike of 1923–24.
1   jazz_music   ignore (6)   2019 Apr 22, 1:08am   ↑ like (0)   ↓ dislike (1)   quote   flag        

continued ...
The Norwegian 1 percent decided not to rely simply on the army; in 1926 they formed a social movement called the Patriotic League, recruiting mainly from the middle class. By the 1930s, the League included as many as 100,000 people for armed protection of strike breakers—this in a country of only 3 million!

The Labor Party, in the meantime, opened its membership to anyone, whether or not in a unionized workplace. Middle-class Marxists and some reformers joined the party. Many rural farm workers joined the Labor Party, as well as some small landholders. Labor leadership understood that in a protracted struggle, constant outreach and organizing was needed to a nonviolent campaign. In the midst of the growing polarization, Norway’s workers launched another wave of strikes and boycotts in 1928.

The Depression hit bottom in 1931. More people were jobless there than in any other Nordic country. Unlike in the U.S., the Norwegian union movement kept the people thrown out of work as members, even though they couldn’t pay dues. This decision paid off in mass mobilizations. When the employers’ federation locked employees out of the factories to try to force a reduction of wages, the workers fought back with massive demonstrations.

Many people then found that their mortgages were in jeopardy. (Sound familiar?) The Depression continued, and farmers were unable to keep up payment on their debts. As turbulence hit the rural sector, crowds gathered nonviolently to prevent the eviction of families from their farms. The Agrarian Party, which included larger farmers and had previously been allied with the Conservative Party, began to distance itself from the 1 percent; some could see that the ability of the few to rule the many was in doubt.

By 1935, Norway was on the brink. The Conservative-led government was losing legitimacy daily; the 1 percent became increasingly desperate as militancy grew among workers and farmers. A complete overthrow might be just a couple years away, radical workers thought. However, the misery of the poor became more urgent daily, and the Labor Party felt increasing pressure from its members to alleviate their suffering, which it could do only if it took charge of the government in a compromise agreement with the other side.

This it did. In a compromise that allowed owners to retain the right to own and manage their firms, Labor in 1935 took the reins of government in coalition with the Agrarian Party. They expanded the economy and started public works projects to head toward a policy of full employment that became the keystone of Norwegian economic policy. Labor’s success and the continued militancy of workers enabled steady inroads against the privileges of the 1 percent, to the point that majority ownership of all large firms was taken by the public interest. (There is an entry on this case as well at the Global Nonviolent Action Database.)

The 1 percent thereby lost its historic power to dominate the economy and society. Not until three decades later could the Conservatives return to a governing coalition, having by then accepted the new rules of the game, including a high degree of public ownership of the means of production, extremely progressive taxation, strong business regulation for the public good and the virtual abolition of poverty. When Conservatives eventually tried a fling with neoliberal policies, the economy generated a bubble and headed for disaster. (Sound familiar?)

Labor stepped in, seized the three largest banks, fired the top management, left the stockholders without a dime and refused to bail out any of the smaller banks. The well-purged Norwegian financial sector was not one of those countries that lurched into crisis in 2008; carefully regulated and much of it publicly owned, the sector was solid.

Although Norwegians may not tell you about this the first time you meet them, the fact remains that their society’s high level of freedom and broadly-shared prosperity began when workers and farmers, along with middle class allies, waged a nonviolent struggle that empowered the people to govern for the common good.
2   jazz_music   ignore (6)   2019 Apr 22, 1:14am   ↑ like (0)   ↓ dislike (1)   quote   flag        

Browse the Global Nonviolent Action Database by a number of search methods including geographic map of instances.

https://nvdatabase.swarthmore.edu/content/swedish-workers-general-strike-economic-justice-power-shift-dalen-1931

3   Ceffer   ignore (1)   2019 Apr 22, 1:39am   ↑ like (2)   ↓ dislike (0)   quote   flag        

It's always fun to look at the wide world of comrades through red colored glasses.
4   Quigley   ignore (0)   2019 Apr 22, 9:07am   ↑ like (3)   ↓ dislike (0)   quote   flag        

These days Swedes and Norwegians are struggling to stay afloat in an increasingly Islamic world. At home in their native lands, globalist sell outs have imported millions of dirty Muslims to rape their women and mug them and commit crimes and sponge off their welfare. In the USA, President Obama imported millions of Somalis and other assorted Muslims to fuck up their neighborhoods, sponge off state welfare in Minnesota and Michigan, and reduce their voting power to ensure Democrat victories.

It’s really a tragedy what Democrats, globalists, and especially Muslims have done to Swedes and Norwegians.
5   APOCALYPSEFUCKisShostikovitch   ignore (38)   2019 Apr 22, 9:20am   ↑ like (0)   ↓ dislike (0)   quote   flag        

Commie fucks. In the states, they would have eaten the BELT-FED! BLESSINGS OF A REAL DEMOCRACY!
6   Hugolas_Madurez   ignore (4)   2019 Apr 22, 5:36pm   ↑ like (3)   ↓ dislike (0)   quote   flag        

No worries. It'll be fixed by unchecked mass migration from shithole countries.
7   Reality   ignore (5)   2019 Apr 22, 7:08pm   ↑ like (1)   ↓ dislike (0)   quote   flag        

LOL! It's amusing to see how the fiction author jumped from 1935 "Labor Party" seizing power . . . immediately to 2008, skipping all the fun about how the country of Norway was run by "National Socialist . . . Workers' Party" and its local Quislings from 1940 to 1945, which introduced national healthcare, national pension, national education and a whole bunch of other socialist programs to that country.

And the propagandists call their critics Nazis!
8   Ceffer   ignore (1)   2019 Apr 22, 7:14pm   ↑ like (0)   ↓ dislike (0)   quote   flag        

The Great Socialist Paradise is incapable of propaganda.
9   theoakman   ignore (0)   2019 Apr 22, 7:45pm   ↑ like (0)   ↓ dislike (0)   quote   flag        

Now if they could just conquer those police "no go" areas they've developed over the years.
10   BlueSardine   ignore (2)   2019 Apr 22, 8:52pm   ↑ like (0)   ↓ dislike (0)   quote   flag        

Despite massive taxation norwegians saved what little they had and eventually could Fiord anything the local IKEA could ship out...
11   HEYYOU   ignore (26)   2019 Apr 22, 9:11pm   ↑ like (0)   ↓ dislike (0)   quote   flag        

How many White American Яepublican voting men are on some form of tax supported Socialism?
Sounds like a bunch of Muslims soaking up handouts in Norway & Sweden.
12   jazz_music   ignore (6)   2019 Apr 22, 9:59pm   ↑ like (1)   ↓ dislike (0)   quote   flag        

You guys seem really content with the 1% and no one is talking about overcoming their control.

The Norwegians and Swedes did it.
13   Ceffer   ignore (1)   2019 Apr 22, 11:26pm   ↑ like (1)   ↓ dislike (0)   quote   flag        

BlueSardine says
Despite massive taxation norwegians saved what little they had and eventually could Fiord anything the local IKEA could ship out...

Ouch. You really know how to hurt a blog.
14   HonkpilledMaster   ignore (4)   2019 Apr 23, 8:03am   ↑ like (0)   ↓ dislike (0)   quote   flag        

Reality says
LOL! It's amusing to see how the fiction author jumped from 1935 "Labor Party" seizing power . . . immediately to 2008, skipping all the fun about how the country of Norway was run by "National Socialist . . . Workers' Party" and its local Quislings from 1940 to 1945, which introduced national healthcare, national pension, national education and a whole bunch of other socialist programs to that country.


Yep, Bypassing the huge discoveries of Oil in the North Sea and a shit load of other history.

Norway's got a shit ton of oil but only 9M people, most of whom are concentrated in very small areas.
15   Tenpoundbass   ignore (14)   2019 Apr 23, 8:16am   ↑ like (3)   ↓ dislike (0)   quote   flag        

They went from Thor to Sore.
16   Patrick   ignore (1)   2019 Apr 23, 8:17am   ↑ like (3)   ↓ dislike (0)   quote   flag        

jazz_music says
Although Norwegians may not tell you about this the first time you meet them, the fact remains that their society’s high level of freedom and broadly-shared prosperity began when workers and farmers, along with middle class allies, waged a nonviolent struggle that empowered the people to govern for the common good.


Yes, that was possible in Norway because of the ethnic homogeneity of the workers, farmers, and middle class. They cared about each other because they are related to each other.

Solidarity of the working class is the biggest threat to the continued control of us all by globalists. Therefore they try to destroy working class solidarity by praising "diversity" and dividing the working class with mass imports of people who are very hard to assimilate. And then accusing the native people of "racism" for not wanting to lose their own country.

Divide and conquer.
17   P N Dr Lo R   ignore (0)   2019 Apr 23, 8:52am   ↑ like (1)   ↓ dislike (0)   quote   flag        

HonkpilledMaster says
Norway's got a shit ton of oil but only 9M people


"The population (as estimated by the World Factbook in July of 2014) of all of the Nordic countries combined—Denmark (5,569,077), Finland (5,268,799), Iceland (317,351), Norway (5,147,792), and Sweden (9,723,809)—is roughly equal to the population of Texas"
18   HonkpilledMaster   ignore (4)   2019 Apr 23, 9:43am   ↑ like (1)   ↓ dislike (0)   quote   flag        

Ha, not even 9 Million, but almost half that.

19   Ceffer   ignore (1)   2019 Apr 23, 11:09am   ↑ like (0)   ↓ dislike (0)   quote   flag        

Maybe they can stop eating rotten fish now.

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